Category Archives: #SocialEnterprises

London is Entering a Golden Age of Social Investment

The Director of SharedImpact, Paul Cheng, blogs about Social Investments.
For over 300 years, London has been one of the world’s great centres of financial innovation. Ideas, for example, about how to manage financial risk through structures such as companies limited by shares and the concept of insurance were developed and refined by pioneering financiers in the London coffee houses of 18th century England.

In 2012, London finds itself at the forefront of social investment – leading the world in pioneering developments such as Big Society Capital (the world’s first social central bank), social impact bonds, charitable bonds, a variety of impact funds and new market platforms such as SharedImpact, the Social Stock Exchange and Ethex for selling, marketing and refinancing social investment products.

There is a sense that we are about to enter a golden age of social investment in the UK. Yet there is a real danger that this market could go horribly wrong – and that the hype may triumph of the reality.

So while it is heartening to see more mainstream pools of capital seeking to engage in impact investing, there are also good reasons to be worried about how much of this capital will actually produce positive social change. Will investors choose speed of growth, rather than depth of impact? Will early failures be used as reasons to maintain the status quo? Will poor thinking and clumsy execution make our sector one of ‘feel good’ rather than ‘do good’?

Moreover, what do we mean by “social investment”? Properly defined, social investment is the deployment of capital for social purpose – and which seeks a financial return (but not a profit-maximising one). This last point is often misunderstood. For businesses, profit is an end in itself. For charities, profit (or “surplus”) should merely be a means to an end – or to the fulfilment of a social mission.

We should remind ourselves that the fundamental problem which social investment is trying to address is lack of access to capital.

Charities and social enterprises are chronically undercapitalised. For the most part, they find themselves limited to just one financial instrument – the charitable donation – and most of what they do is financed on a pay-as-you-go basis. The charity sector lives hand-to-mouth – and the sector looks more like a subsistence economy than a vibrant market.

This is in direct contrast to the way virtually everything else of value gets created. No one buys or builds a house without financing it. Almost every business, large and small, at least attempts to make prudent use of debt and equity. But charities are risk-averse, and frequently unaware of the broader range of financial tools that may be available.

As a result, because charities are undercapitalised, they struggle to achieve their social objectives, which in turn makes it less likely they will receive the resources they need. And so the cycle continues.

Social investment aims to put an end to this vicious circle.

Paul Cheng,
Director of SharedImpact (

From Freeze to a Free Fall: Social Enterprise in Finland Today

Antti Karjalainen, CEO of Tiederahoitus Ltd and former Programme Director at The Finnish Institute writes on social enterprise in Finland.

A well-known Sociologist is reported to have said that sometimes socially progressive thinking arrives to Finland 15 years later than elsewhere in Europe but when it does the change takes place in two weeks. A description that might be applied to what has happened around Social Enterprise in Finland.

A few years ago the term ’social enterprise’ did not exist in Finland. Finland has, for a long time, had a good number of co-operatives, organisations with charitable aims and a business model for funding and enterprises that have a social mission. These organisations have been open and proud of their social mission and many of them had a long history of operation. But a term that would group all these together just simply did not exist. 
When the Finnish Institute in London started to pay attention to this sector and started to use the term ‘yhteiskunnallinen yritys’ things started to happen. We Finns are very practical and a group of civil servants and innovation funders saw SE as a way to benefit from currently a pretty poorly controlled tendency of outsourcing public services. This was the angle that the Institute was offering and it was the crucial lesson learned from the UK. Social Enterprise can deliver public services and they can do it better than any of the known parties so far.
The institute managed to get the media to cover a few examples of SE in the UK. It directed many of the visiting politicians to the UK to visit Social Enterprises and gave presentations on the subject. Finnish think-tanks got excited about the topic. With a grasp of the concept comes understanding of the subject and at the moment Finland is waking up to the fact that, this sector needs not be invented, we already have it.
We now have a recommendation from the Ministry of Employment and Economy to develop social enterprise as a business model (waiting for an approval from the government currently being formed) we have had critical voices towards SE from entrepreneur representatives, trade unions, few journalists who see it as a capitalist conspiracy. In a word: we are catching up with UK all right!  
We have also formed a coalition of Social Enterprise and it now encompasses few of the biggest ones and it’s growing very rapidly. Few enterprises are finding their own voices as social enterprises. Researchers and universities have found the topic and a network for research has been formed.
My guess is that we are going to have some bold and forward looking initiatives around Social Enterprise in Finland. More and more key decision makers are starting to see it as a way to support distinctly local way of delivering public services but also more broadly as good way of doing business. Today, June 11th, the head of Finnish Innovation Fund and the CEO of our largest international company KONE wrote that companies need to focus more on shared value and not just stare the bottom line of their revenue spreadsheet. The change is here!

Antti Karjalainen
CEO of Tiederahoitus Ltd and former Programme Director at The Finnish Institute in London
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